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Radiofax Easter 1st April 1988: FM/AM simulcasting to end - Community radio ditched again - Breaking needletime - Inside Kenny Everett's studio - 276 local stations plan of 1966


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Cinderellas of the Air - single frequency radio - simulcasting condemned - new BBC channels - unprecedented prosperity - break music stranglehold - IBA rental costs - commercial national radio - strength of democracy - Colin Walters, Piccadilly Radio, Guardian (ILR moaning about the BBC, no change there then)
* Early history of FM in the USA - mid 1930s - FCC - E.H. Armstrong - 42-50MHz - manufacturers of the time - Western Electric - General Electric - RCA - motor driven oscillator - EIMAC - Varian - Harris - Continental - Broadcast Electronics FM35A - CCA grounded grid - Acrodyne - Elcom Bauer - Wilkinson Radio - Marti links 140-960MHz - Emcee - Comark - Jim Wood, Broadcast Systems Engineering
* ITV meet Douglas Hurd - franchise auctions - licences to be awarded by competitive tender - Alan Lee, Observer
* Craze for (pre-mobile phone) radio transceiver walkie-talkies - crackdown - Premier's generosity - black market - more handy than telephone - status symbol - The Nation, Thailand
* Music: There Must Be An Angel by Eurythmics
* Carlton and Virgin to bid for a national radio franchise - Michael Green - incredibly cheap - Robert Devereux - Nigel Walmsley, Capital - Maggie Brown, Times
* Audio News - Yamaha cassette decks - Ariston unveil new Pulsar Integrated Amplifier - infra red remote - Partington Dreadnought loudspeaker stand - lead, sand, resin - lavish Revox 40 page anniversary brochure - BBC RDS next month - Laskys to support Digital Audio Tape - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski
* Surveying the Milky Way - Very Large Array - 27 dish antennas - New Mexico - $1m - 70% visible from northern hemishere - Independent
* Recording Teletext Subtitles on VCRs - deaf people - Nufax, Bristol - adapter - video blanking interval - creates picture within picture - Mullard 6230 teletext chip - Electronics Times
* Elegant Solutions or Space Spaghetti? - end of 4-channel duopoly on TV and radio - encourage (one man) community radio - parental lock - 5th channel - national infrastructure - DBS satellite, MMDS inferior - upturned soup bowls - Tony Currie, Cable Authority, Guardian (pro-cable article)
* ITV transmitter re-engineering to update the network - 17 years - more efficient - reduced size - temporary transmitter - 250 to 140kVA - klystron efficiency 28-60% - NICAM digital sound - relay transposers - source: IBA
* Music Royalties Investigated - Monopolies and Mergers Commission to investigate - Needletime - ILR complaints - hamper growth - Lord Young - PPL - uncompetitive practices - Raymond Snoddy, Financial Times (again nothing really new here!)
* Oil Companies Pump Rivals - 60-70% of petrol from competitors' oil refineries - You Can Be Sure Of Shell - Formula Shell withdrawn - basic petrol - additives - Dr John Gilbert - inferior product - John Hooper, Guardian
* British Telecom fight to join the cable TV ranks - BT propose installing optical fibre throughout UK - barred from offering entertainment - Mary Fagan, Times (instead we got the cable TV companies (make that one company now...))
* How technology is influencing radio programmes - 'Music Concrete' - BBC Radiophonics Workshop - Private Dreams And Public Nightmares - speed - echo chamber - Daleks - Kenny Everett - Kensington home - sound effects, jingles - Yamaha REV5 - vocoder - Capital Radio - Peter Simmons - 'Breakdown' mental illness documentary - tube train recording - 'The Dream' Martin Luther King - David Roper, Kaleidoscope, Radio 4 (They don't make 'em like that any more)
* Concern from the Treasury over a sharp increase in DTI's advertising budget - John Major - Lord Young - value for money - unusual intervention - TV adverts - Tony Blair, Trade, Labour - Peter Riddell, Financial Times (A good wind-up there Trevor!)
* Radiocommunications Division review of the year (1987) - community radio - June 1986 two year experiment discontinued - VHF spectrum - special event radio - sports, festivals - 25 licences/year - new national networks - BBC 97.6-99.8MHz - police, fire - 99.9-102MHz - lighter regulation - CAA - aeronautical navigation - 40 TV relays - 28 self help transmitters - 200 frequency changes - programme making - JFMG - outside broadcasts - 2000 satellite TVRO licences - BSB DBS MAC - source: DTI
* Forgery scammer caught - Don Larking Audio Sales - Future Music - girl - taxi - forged cheque - arrested - Syco - Thatched Cottage - 30 cheques, £250,000 - Studio Week
* Music: Stuck With You by Huey Lewis & The News
* More about breaking the PPL monopoly - percentage of station revenue - ILR - discount with bulk - pluggers - £9m revenue - cosy rake-off - Brian West, AIRC, Sound (at the time the limit was 9 hours needletime per day)
* CD Erasure - Thomson - magneto-optical disc MOD - record & erase music - 12cm diameter - 45mins/side - cobalt iron alloy layer - 30mW laser heat - magnetic field - Electronics Times
* AM Synch Ad - AM Synchronous Detector
* Monopolies Commission enquiry into TV unions' restrictive practices - first time - closed shops - Margaret Thatcher: last bastion of restrictive practices - ITV, BBC, producers - TVAM dispute - ACTT - job losses - LWT - outmoded restrictions - Barry Clement, Independent
* DAT versus Copycode in the USA - technical judgement - National Bureau of Standards NBS - outside consultants - filtered notch - quality degraded? - RIAA - Japan leverage - pratfall - DAT players - sales dire - free publicity - VCR battles - Martin Polon, Studio Sound
* Music: Industrial Disease by Dire Straits
* Cellular Phone Profits - price war - competition - Ernest Harrison, Racal, Vodaphone - BT Cellnet - Tom Kite, City Eye, Independent
* First Digital Mobile Phone -Libra ADPCM - 40 100kHz channels - 864-868MHz - scans quietest channel - switch frequency - 10mW - user code - PA Technology - Mullard - Plessey - Texas - Electronics Times (before GSM)
* Attitudes to Broadcasting survey - local radio bias - fair - Airwaves, IBA
* UK backs Eureka HDTV - £2.5m DTI support - Eureka - BBC - IBA - HDTV demonstration - IBC Brighton 1988 - CCIR - Multiplex Analogue Component MAC - 35mm film quality - Communications Engineering International
* 1966 article - Local Radio Association lobbying for local radio - PMG Tony Wedgewood Benn - John Gorst - pessimistic - not tycoons - 2 years not seen Postmaster General - advertisement financed - frequency plan for 276 local stations - opposition - prejudice - need - Guardian, 9 June 1966
* Music: Autobahn by Kraftwerk

Length: 2h5m42, First broadcast: 1st April 1988

MP3 file size: 71.9 MB
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Radiofax Easter 2nd April 1988: Televising Parliament - 300 community stations - Future of Bands 1 and 3 - Atlantic 252 staff - S-VHS - DAT - Wireless power - Women engineers


Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Televising the House of Commons - 6 month experiment - John Wakeham - minor parties - Charles Kennedy - Cranley Onslow - James Molyneaux - Peter Riddell, Financial Times
* Peacock Committee - radical liberal, not a Tory - Leon Brittan - market forces - BBC advertising - lateral thinking - duopoly threatened - subscription - Alan Peacock - Samuel Brittan - Judith Chalmers - Jeremy Hardie - Alastair Hetherington - Lord Quinton - Sir Peter Reynolds - advertising too much damage - Godfrey Hodgson, Observer (government v BBC)
* Music: Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic by The Police
* The Hurd Programme - Radio Choices and Opportunities - sealed bids - 3 INR stations 2 AM, 1 FM - deregulate ILR - 300 community stations - IBA - split AM FM - Quentin Howard, Broadcast Systems Engineering
* Morocco & Belgium on same SW channel recording - Nicaragua clandestine - Superchannel & Sky to merge? - USA over the horizon radars - short wave car radios - Kenwood RZ1 - cancer near VOA Delano SW - Austria radio licences - Wolf Harranth - political pirate Radio Widerstand 103.3 - African station recordings - Richard Ginbey - solar conditions - Media Network 30/3/1988, Radio Netherlands
* Stars Moon and Planets in April - Venus - brightest - beautiful - radio astronomers - day longer than year - spaceprobes crushed - Venera 7 - 470°C - CO2 - greenhouse effect - Earth's temperature rising - Heather Couper & Nigel Henbest, Independent
* Mobile Radio Spectrum Woes - Merriman Report - cease TV on VHF Bands I and III - Television Advisory Committee - Network Operators Committee Band 3 Cliff Dadson - DTI & Home Office attacked - confidence undermined - CSPI Dr Charles Jonscher - Pat Hawker, Electronics and Wireless World
* Band I and III for Channel 5? - share with mobile radio - extending studies - business mobile radio - microwave - DTI - options - Line Up
* DAT tape 'to obsolete CD' - demonstration - Waveguide, BBC World Service - Technics SVD1000 - Sony DTC1000 - not released - CBS Copycode - notch filter - audible - Sony bought CBS - Philips - EEC levy - prerecorded DAT £14.95 - Laskys - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski
* AM Synch Ad - AM Synchronous Detector
* Microphones buried in the cricket pitch - Mike Gatting swore at umpire Shakoor Rama - gun mic - Kerry Packer - slot in turf - radio mic - Barry Fox, Studio Sound
* S-VHS claims and measurements - 400 lines - Panasonic 300CLE camera - Sony BVU870 - Fortel Y688 TBC - YC distribution - Nigel Spratling, International Broadcast Engineer
* Music: Diamonds On The Soles Of Her Shoes by Paul Simon
* Putting Radio At Risk - letter to Home Secretary Douglas Hurd from Lord Thomson - ill thought out - 3 national radio channels - hundreds of community stations - streamed not mixed - regulation - 1954 BBC TV monopoly - experienced - recipe for delay - Airwaves, IBA
* Power Without Wires - 1964 Raytheon model helicopter - 5kW on ground - Nikola Tesla - Stationary High Altitude Relay Platform SHARP - 2.5GHz energy - Pat Hawker, Electronics and Wireless World (icrowave power transfer)
* Senior management announced for Radio Tara - station director Travis Baxter, BBC Bristol - programme consultant John Catlett, Laser 558 - 500kW - 254kHz - Line Up (Atlantic 252 to be)
* Advice on buying a second hand short wave receiver - Paul Thorne, CQ Centre, Merton Park, Wimbledon - Yaesu FRG7 - Lowe SRX30 - Tandy DX300 - AR88 - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski
* Music: It's The Way That You Use It by Eric Clapton
* Opportunities for Female Engineers in the Music Industry - Simon White, Marquee - too physical - clients embarrassed - John Gibbs - women better - Bob Neal BBC - Tim Blackmore - Anjali Dutt, Battery, Matrix, Rampart - Gail Lambourne, Orinoco, Berry Street, Marquee - Raine Shine/Hilson, Vangelis, South, Phonogram, Junction - Arabella Rodriguez, Britannia Row - Candy Robertson, Smokehouse Recording - Nikki Townley, BFBS - National Broadcasting School - Jayne Hancock, Molinare - ACTT - Rhona Feldstein, Sound Engineer and Producer
* Music: Riders On The Storm by The Doors

Length: 2h6m5, First broadcast: 2nd April 1988

MP3 file size: 72.1 MB
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Radiofax Easter 3rd April 1988: Broadcast mast insulators - Radio Investigation enforcements - CDV eclipses Laservision - Continental's transmitters - Duke Hussey at the BBC


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* More competition required for private satellite links - BT Mercury duopoly - Viscount Caldecote - Ivor Owen, Financial Times
* Novel insulators for MF broadcast antenna stays - less than wavelength - electrostatic voltages - storms - flashover - breakdown arc - safety - leak resistor - antiresonant draining coil - 684kHz/2000kW - 882kHz/600kW Radio Titograd - Belgrade University, IERE Journal
* Radio Investigation Service RIS Annual Report 1986/87 - 9000 PMRs, 40% non conforming - prosecution - 6,600 CB abuse visits - seized - 13,100 vessels - increased unlicenced broadcast - interference - 271 actions, 66 stations, 69 convictions - DTI
* Music: Roxanne by The Police
* Radio Investigation Service RIS Annual Report 1986/87 part 2 - police - offshore broadcasting - Radio Laser - MV Communicator - Laser Hot Hits - North Sea - 2664 business complaints - £41/man/hour - thermostats - cranes - 715 household requests
* Non CFC-based cleaning techniques - electronics manufacturing - international agreement - CFC113 - effectiveness - costs - fluxes - testing - £185 registration - Seminar, Novotel, Hammersmith
* CDV - gold Compact Disc Video - Marantz LV11 combi player - Laservision - broadcast quality pictures - PAL - NTSC - Philips Dupont, Blackburn - Pioneer, Yamaha - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski, Media Network
* AM Synch Ad - AM Synchronous Detector
* Swearing on the radio brings rift to the BBC - reasess policy - plays withdrawn - Michael Green, Radio 4 - demanding subjects - Excess Baggage, Ken Blakeson - Jane Thynne, Telegraph
* Continental Electronics - Varian Eimac - transmitter manufacturer - widest range - market leader - 500kW PDM SW - 2MW - solid state driver - tube technology - 802 50W FM exciter - James Wood, Broadcast Systems Engineering
* Music: China Girl by David Bowie
* Continental Electronics part 2 - power grid - tetrode - 817A single tube 60kW - 300 baud remote control - pixel display - 4CX40000G - half wave cavity - downtime - PYE/TVT, Varian
* Hoover microwave oven recall - half of range - escaped injury - toxic fumes - £300 Micromaster - H6312 H6314 H6316 H6318 - Colin Watson - modification - could have been killed - Times
* Video News - end of Laservision video disc format - Philips discontinue - CDV - Oxford Street - HMV - Tower - Virgin Megastore - Harrods - RIP Laservision - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski
* Duke Who Leads From The Front - BBC Chairman Marmaduke Hussey - middle class - Rugby - Trinity Oxford - Fleet Street - Kate Adie, Libya - Michael Checkland - John Birt - Charles Hill - Lord Normanbrook - Hugh Greene - lost leg - prisoner - Observer
* Music: Honey For The Bees by Alison Moyet
* Duke Who Leads From The Front part 2 - Rothermere Associated Newspapers 1949 - Daily Mail - Evening News - Thomson 1971 - wife Susan - Waldegrave - Rupert Murdoch - William Rees-Mogg - Tony Crosland
* AB Electronics profits doubled - south Wales - turnover up 9% - low current switching for Jaguar - Plessey Connectors - Swansea Industrial Components - Flexotronics - Acorn - Sinclair - Financial Times
* Music: My Back Pages by The Byrds
* Audio News - Nakamichi Cassette Decks - CR1E CR2E CR3E CR4E - BX100 - Dolby B&C - fine bias tune - £745 - memory - auto repeat - timer - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski
* Petticoat Lane Takes To The Air - BBC style - dinner jackets - accents on radio & TV - Robin Day, Question Time - Brick Lane - competition - illegal stations - ratings war - warm-up men - Neal Ascherson, Observer (these days would be called Mockney)
* Music: Wild Theme soundtrack from Local Hero

Length: 1h34m31, First broadcast: 3rd April 1988

MP3 file size: 54.0 MB
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Radiofax Easter 4th April 1988: Broadcast transmitter engineering update - 18 bit audio - DMAC TV hopes - New Radio Authority - CCD cameras arrive - Radio For Sale


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Channel 4 funding - privatisation - Michael Grade - ITV BBC competition - innovative & diverse programming - S4C Wales - reduce choice - Financial Times
* Developments in Broadcast Transmitter Engineering - 1930 installations - increased power - efficiency - reliability - SSB by 2015 - pyrolytic graphite grid - Tyler Third Harmonic - Doherty - PDM - Dynamic Carrier Control DCC DAM - Shaun Metcalfe, Incomtel, International Broadcast Engineer
* Music: I Shot The Sheriff by Eric Clapton
* Developments in Broadcast Transmitter Engineering part 2 - solid state LF MF - tetrode PA - Marconi Pulsam - AEG Pantel - Brown Boveri PSM - DPDM - remote control - klystrons - sync pulsed - klystrode
* Music: Invisible by Alison Moyet
* Developments in Broadcast Transmitter Engineering part 3 - antennas - Maxwell equations - computer design - input impedance - matching network - log periodic - dipole curtain - beam slew - turntable curtain - VRP - ignition interference - slant & circular polarisation - 500kW limit - SSB broadcasting - channels doubled - minus 6/12dB carrier - Envelope Elimination and Restoration EER
* Excessive BT line charges for distributing BBC programmes - £10m - own system - Michael Checkland - BT tariff - microwave links - BT Tower - Telecommunications Managers Association - Richard Evans, Times
* Audio News - new CD players from Technics - 18 bit DAC - SLP550 SLP770 SLP990 - high resolution circuitry - digital output - peak meter - anti vibration - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski
* EU satellite communications green paper - liberalisation - monopoly - voice telephony - switching in space - Mary Fagan, Independent
* D-MAC/packet the UK standard for DBS - component vision format - wide screen 16:9 - digital data - teletext - scrambling - FM AM VSB - IBA
* D-MAC/packet - clearer pictures - no crosscolour - subscription - 8 sound channels - Multiplexed Analog Component - 11.7-12.5GHz to 950-1750MHz - 21pin Peritel - D2MAC, half data - BSB autumn 1989 - Engineering Bulletin, IBA
* Tuning In To Radio Diversity - new Radio Authority - technical standards - IBA - no 24 hour pop - national channels - Carlton - Capital - Robert Devereux, Virgin - David Maker, Red Rose Radio - Andrew Lloyd Webber, Really Useful - Chalford Communications, LBC - Jocelyn Hay, VLV - funding - David Roberts, Flint Community Radio - hundreds of stations by 1990s - Raymond Snoddy, Financial Times
* Music: Rich by Lloyd Cole And The Commotions
* Trial of Sir Roger Hollis - LWT - MI5 - Russian spy? - TV programme - advance clearance - first time - Treasury Solicitor - Independent
* Commercial Radio For Greece - Eddystone Radio Marconi - Top FM first commercial - Athens & Piraeus - Mount Parnes - 4kW 1708 transmitter - studio transmitter link - Pro Sound News
* Discrimination claim over BBC axing Janice Long programme - birth of son - mother - half hour slot - leaving BBC - Johnny Beerling - Telegraph
* Video News - new NV-M7 camcorder from Panasonic - CCD imager - vidicon - 10 lux - flying erase head - Auto Tracing White Balance ATW - autofocus - Roger Tate/Bob Tomalski
* Radio for Sale - critique of government's proposals for radio - Douglas Hurd - offshore pirates - awful by modern standards - land based pirates - vast audiences - official stations - specialised - Richard Elen, Studio Week
* Music: Cherry Oh Baby by UB40
* Radio for Sale part 2 - community stations - if allowed this time not cancelled - music diversity - more of the same - simulcasting - needletime - frequency available - stations own transmitters
* AM Synch Ad - AM Synchronous Detector
* Music: I Missed Again by Phil Collins
* No community licences for pirate stations which do not close - Timothy Renton, minister - policy reversal - Shetland Islands Broadcasting Company since November 1987 - Sunday Times
* Scottish Television starts narrowcasting - monthly verse readings - 3 hours - Mike Reeve - Alistair Moffat, producer - biggest poetry reading ever - Times
* CCD cameras take off - resolution improves - mobility - burn in - lag - vibration - outdoor applications - Vicky Hyde, Asia Pacific Broadcasting
* BT freezes telephone charges - year to 31 March 1989 - line rentals, calls, payphones - Oftel - lifeline scheme - Independent
* 6220: 49m band extension - already widely used - proposed WARC 1979 - likely ratified - 1611: Portishead Radio for 30 years till 10 years ago - Vatican Radio only user in Europe
* Music: Almighty God by Arne Domnerus

Length: 1h34m42, First broadcast: 4th April 1988

MP3 file size: 54.1 MB
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Radiofax Easter 1988 Closedown:

Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Closedown announcement - since 1st April this has been Radiofax - 6220 daytime - 1611 nightime
* Music: Almighty God by Arne Domnerus
* Thank you for listening - and good night (Maggie cracks up)
* 400Hz tone at PPM1 (quick reverse 430 millisecond tape turnaround at 31m24)
* silence
* 400Hz tone at PPM2 (exactly when the transmitter turned off is unknown)

Length: 1h2m45, First broadcast: midnight 4th April 1988

MP3 file size: 35.9 MB
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After the four day Easter trial, Radiofax tested 26-31 July, with programmes from 11th August.




Radiofax Programme C6: Transmission line evolution - Children's Hour axed - Airbourne TV and FM - Cable TV - Subwoofer - 3 national networks plan


Presented by Maggie Stevenson, Eddie Caffrey and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Evolution of Broadcast Transmission Lines - 2 wire lines - Telegrapher's Equation c1897 - Broadcast Engineering
* Music: I Saw Her Again by the Mamas & the Papas
* Transmission Lines part 2 - coaxial lines - 50 Ohms - Andrews - ceramic beads - TV - radar - 1/16 to 14 inch - pressurisation - higher powers
* Music: The Legend of Xanadu by Dave Dee & Dozy & Beaky & Mick & Tich
* Transmission Lines part 3 - UHF TV - 20 times ERP - heating - sliding contacts - contact resistance - expansion bellows
* Music: Only One Woman by the Marbles
* Transmission Lines part 4 - waveguides - heat loss on surface - attenuation lower - reliable - 5MW ERP - circular waveguide
* Music: It Mek by Desmond Dekker & The Aces
* New book reviewed - BBC Children's Hour A Celebration of the Magical Years by Wallace Grevatt, Radio Times archivist - E.S. Turner, Sunday Times
* 405 line TV closedown - VHF interference - computers - baby alarms - pagers - cordless phones - Blue Eagle Flight - 1940 Stratovision tests - FM radio and TV from 30,000 feet covering 250 miles - Roger Bunney, Television
* Music: Upside Down by Diana Ross
* Cable TV - Cable Authority - Windsor hoping to win franchise for 400,000 homes in Birmingham - fibre optic - teleconferencing - teleshopping! - Jane Bird, Sunday Times
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Spanish Eyes by Al Martino
* Sub woofer performance for accurate music reproduction - 32-16Hz - 110dB SPL - 100s of CDs tested - 120dB @ 10Hz on Tchaikovsky Telarc CD80041 - distortion - Dolby, AES Journal
* Music: Bright Side of the Road by Van Morrison
* Ruling the Wavelengths - Home Secretary, Douglas Hurd, plans three new national radio networks - critical scrutiny - RNIB - print handicapped - diversity - targetted - pop & prattle - IBA - BBC - Ian McIntyre, Times
* STC win fibre optic contract - Britain to Netherlands underwater - longest without boosters - Mercury - BT - Hugo Dixon, Financial Times
* Letter from Sixten Nymen, Mikkeli, Finland - no problem hearing Radiofax; R.N. Greenhalgh, Woodford Green, Essex - very interesting station; Jim Duffy, Maynooth, Co Kildare, Ireland - compliments on unique transmission content
* BBC Rampisham SW makes car malfunction - on holiday - intermittent windscreen wiper operated - every journey - 1986 Austin Maestro 1.3L - K.H. Ratcliff, Swinton, Manchester, Practical Motorist
* Music: Gregory's Girl Theme by Colin Tully

Duration: 1h32m57, First broadcast: 17th September 1988


MP3 file size: 53.1 MB
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Radiofax Programme A15: Stereo & surround for TV - RDS good or bad? - Irish pirates must close - Microwave TV distribution - BBC radio job advert


Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Stereo and surround sound for TV - Dolby Surround - Dolby Cinema - SDU4 - atmos channel - matrix encoded - Dolby SR - Mark Young & John Fisher, International Broadcast Engineer
* Music: Sunday Girl by Blondie
* Stereo and surround sound for TV - Dolby Surround - Dolby Cinema part 2 - monitoring - 2 channel compatibility - 600,000 decoders worldwide
* Music: Over You by Roxy Music
* Stereo and surround sound for TV - Dolby Surround - Dolby Cinema part 3 - 2 to 4 decoder - matrix steering - multi-speakers for surround - delay - Haas effect
* Music: Union City Blue by Blondie
* Stereo and surround sound for TV - Dolby Surround - Dolby Cinema part 4 - set up - pink noise generator - presets
* Music: Love is the Drug by Roxy Music
* Norman McLeod (Wireless Workshop, Brighton) and Johnny Beerling (BBC) debate RDS in the Independent - inaccurate - price will fall - RDS benefits - optimum frequency
* Home Office hunt for new head of the IBA - to succeed Lord Thomson - fails - Thomson refused extended term offered by Douglas Hurd - Richard Evans, Times
* First French TDF1 satellite to launch - French Guiana - D2MAC - Communication World International
* Music: Turn To Stone by Electric Light Orchestra
* Communications Minister Ray Burke appoints IRTC - new radio and TV services for Ireland - national and local - pirates must close by year end - Sean O'Rourke, Irish Post
* Advertising regulation across Europe - no breaks in programmes for ITV? - Timothy Renton, Home Office - one break per 45 minutes - harmful - Raymond Snoddy, Financial Times
* Draft Directive on Broadcasting - longer blocks of ads - programme interruption prohibited - Britain may not sign EEC accord - Andrew Billen, Times
* Spats between BSB (DMAC, squarial) and Sky (Astra analogue) before either has launched - Alan Sugar - receiving dish size - TV for Murdoch & Maxwell - Peter Fiddick, Media File, Guardian
* Music: Skateaway by Dire Straits
* Des Walsh in Carrigaline, Co Cork - 2.5GHz 11 channel MMDS/MMVS replacing unlicenced UHF TV deflectors for rural viewers - south and south west areas - no UK reception - medical effects
* MMDS licence applications to Dublin including Cablelink, Cork Communications - technical feasibility - Amstrad dish competition - tree, piracy and IM problems - Doug Armstrong: defunct system
* Music: Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da by Marmalade
* BT Research plan M3VDS for multipoint video distribution trials in Saxmundham - gallium arsenide - TVRO - UHF - taped shows - local interest - coverage 2km - 10/30 channels - International Broadcasting Convention, Brighton
* Music: Sweet Talkin' Woman by Electric Light Orchestra
* Letters: A Radmore, Blackpool, good reception on variety of receivers; Greg Bears - visited UK - went to Communicate 88 - R390A hearing us in Watertown, Connecticut; Tor Johnny Bradbeat, near Bergen, Norway - MW generally better than SW - prints Braille books; Sam Jackson, Hesketh Bank, Preston - most informative - 6205 bent the needle - rock steady; K.E.Pearse, Lymington Hants - enjoyed Start Point transmitter item; Grant Cratchley, Cheltenham - listened with interest and now hooked - both frequencies; W. D. Griffiths of Swansea; Donald Aldous of HiFi News, Plympton, Devon; Fiona Waters, Head of Press & Publicity, Sky TV - Ian Henshall (also of The Face) & John Williams, Outlook Magazine
* A job advert from BBC Corporate Recruitment - local radio reporter - £8,800 per annum - ring and leave them a 4 minute message

Duration: 1h34m16, First broadcast: 26th October 1988


MP3 file size: 53.9 MB
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Radiofax Programme A16: Video recording formats - WRNI New York offshore recording - Audio subjectivism arguments - BBC Films launch


Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Video Recording at the Crossroads - BBC - new formats coming but what do we buy if we need it now - Tom Scott, BBC Training, Broadcast Systems Engineering
* Music: Atomic by Blondie
* Video Recording at the Crossroads part 2 - upward frequency shift - SP Betacam - M2 - CTCM - YC separation - velocity errors - AU400,AU500 - BVW60,65,70,75 - AU650 - Bruch sequence
* Music: Oh Yeah! by Roxy Music
* Video Recording at the Crossroads part 3 - C Format - BFH2500,2800,3000 - VPR3,6 - Ampex Zeus - D1, D2 - DVR1000 - bonded record & play heads - tracks centre of tape
* Music: Bohemian Rhapsody by Queen
* Video Recording at the Crossroads part 4 - D2 digital composite - VPR300 - Y CR CV - no erase heads - PAL 8 field sequence - professional video formats evolve - D3 - M2 - S-VHS
* Music: My Only Love by Roxy Music
* Subjectivism in audio - Pseudo Audio - responses to Douglas Self's objectivist article in Electronics and Wireless World: J.L. Linsley Hood, West Monkton, Somerset - distortion - slew rate - steady state - capacitor defects - cassette & CD improvements - waveform distortion; Reg Williamson, Kidsgrove, Staffordshire - arguments directed at the converted - erosion of ethical standards by review industry - corruption - emperor's clothes - HiFi consumer durables - living to earn
* Music: Sledgehamer by Peter Gabriel
* More responses: John Howarth, Hull - three cheers for Doug Self - rigorous science - differences can be explained; S.J. Shorey, Dartford - little technical foundation - J Hughes - Peter Belt - sofa with 3 or 4 legs - short line and neutral leads - neutralise item; Doug Self, London, E15 attacks reviewer Graham Nulty - unconvinced - £10 resistor - made fools of - avoidance of cognitive dissonance - subtraction tests
*
* Music: Moving by Kate Bush
* Lou Josephs in Boston - recording of Radio New York International - WRNI 1620 AM testing - ship MV Sarah registered in Sealand - Roy Bates - Alan Weiner - Media Network, Radio Netherlands
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Wild Honey by the Beach Boys
* Scottish TV STV profits down - against the trend - write off £1m Superchannel investment - UTV profit rises - Raymond Snoddy, Financial Times
* Comment on sharp rises in ITV company shares - broadcasting reform - white paper - Lex, Financial Times
* Letters: Margio Visoni, Lucca, Italy - interesting programmes; Roberto Pavanello, Vercelli, Italy - hearing 1611; Roy Trent, Pilsworth, Bury, Lancs - congratulations - fabulous station - lot of friends now listening - good on 6205, loudly on 1611; John Coxon, Springwell, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear; Charles Scott, Knightswood, Glasgow - Clyde Cable - particularly interested in Radio Nova item; Magnus Jespersson, Sweden - 30 year old engineer, C.E. Johanssen Ltd - reception good; Daniel Aaronovich, Brussels, Belgium - very interesting programmes; Krister Sandberg, Karstad, Sweden
* BBC following Channel 4 in entering the film industry - Mark Shivas - Head of Drama - Maggie Brown, Independent
* Digital Information Exchange DIE 1988 back at London Zoo 22-24th November - Francis Sharp

Duration: 1h34m17, First broadcast: 28th October 1988


MP3 file size: 53.9 MB
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Radiofax Programme B12: Rural phones for developing countries - Controlling geostationary Astra satellites - Editing video without quality loss


Presented by Holly Robson, Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Rural solutions for telecommunications - phones in developing countries - copper unsuitable - speeds development - Kevin Rosario, Communications Engineering International
* Music: I am the Walrus by the Beatles
* Rural solutions for telecommunications part 2 - computer controlled exchanges - stand-alone SPC stored program control - PRX - Metaconta - EWSD - AXE - HDX10 - DST1 - REX12 - - radio
* Music: Some Girls by the Turtles
* Rural solutions for telecommunications part 3 - TDMA - SR100 - coinbox stations - solar powered SR repeaters - PCM trunks - microwave - cellular radio -
* Music: The Carnival is Over by the Seekers
* Rural solutions for telecommunications part 4 - looking skywards - satellites - TVRO - Telesat Canada Anik, MSAT - Palapa - DRCS - Regional African Satellite Communication Organization RASCOM
* Music: Turn! Turn! Turn! by the Byrds
* TV AM's Bruce Gyngell complains about TV sets starting on button one, BBC1 - Kathy Rowan - second child - ACTT - multifunctional operatives - automation - Matthew Bond, Sunday Telegraph
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Brown Eyed Girl by Van Morrison
* Cable Authority and IBA squabble over the future regulator - Home Affairs Committee - Commercial Television Authority / ITC created - Richard Dunn, ITV Association &MD Thames TV, Independent
* Bidding between BSB and ITV for rights to televise FA football - scrambled - subscription - advertising - films 6 months after release - Raymond Snoddy, Financial Times
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Reach Out & Touch (Somebody's Hand) by Diana Ross
* Astra satellite TV control centre in Luxembourg - Markus Bicknell: not room for both Astra and BSB - keeping geostationary in place +/-75m - hydrazine jets - TWTs - 60cm dish - hijacking - encryption - DES code - Barry Fox , Electronics Times
* Ferranti and the British Electrical Industry by J.F. Wilson - Sebastian de Ferranti, electrical engineer and inventor - Deptford power station - gas lighting - CEGB 132,000kV - Geoffrey Owen, Financial Times
* Music: Leave A Tender Moment Alone by Billy Joel
* Henry Dulat looks at video edit machines and interviews JVC's Peter Lindsay at International Broadcasting Convention IBC 1988 in Brighton - Y C - 443 - S connector - lo-band U-matic
* Letters from Ian Irvine, Lambton Village, Washington, Tyne and Wear; Bob Cookson, Kirkby Lonsdale, Carnforth, Lancashire - enjoyably - interesting; Harry Högberg, Hamar, Norway - listens regularly - 1611 strong - wolves - elks; Michael Clutton, Whitchurch, Shropshire - interesting programmes - strong clear 6205 signal; Bill Maher, Glenview Square, Tipperary - radio operator - strangely not hearing 1611

Duration: 1h34m18, First broadcast: 31st October 1988


MP3 file size: 53.9 MB
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Radiofax Programme A17: SSB broadcasting on shortwave - Ireland pirate clampdown - Any Answers goes phone-in - White paper plans TV licence auctions


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Performance and Implementation of SSB on High Power Broadcast - improving utilisation of HF bands - additional channels - DSB end by 2015 - compatibility - Marconi, IBC 1988, Brighton (fantasies for short wave)
* Music: Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young
* Performance and Implementation of SSB on High Power Broadcast part 2 - signal/noise ratio - phase locking - linears - PULSAM - B6126 - Envelope Elimination and Restoration EER
* Music: A Hard Day's Night by the Beatles
* Performance and Implementation of SSB on High Power Broadcast part 3 - sophisticated - efficiency - more trials - skeptical
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: A World Without Love by Peter and Gordon
* IRTC rapidly planning new radio and TV channels in Ireland - Communications Minister Ray Burke - Tara Long Wave (Atlantic 254/252) - Radio Luxembourg - John Horgan, Dublin, Guardian
* Pirates to face gaol - advertising campaign - 70 pirates - Eire minister Ray Burke threatens stations continuing after 1988 - Irish Times
* Music: Brother Mary by Kaleidoscope
* ITC Code of Practice - what can be shown on TV - banned word list - warning symbols - red triangle - cable - satellite - terrestrial - Mary Whitehouse - Broadcast Standards Council - Sally Tine, Daily Telegraph
* IBA stops Crown Radio / Mercury merger - Christopher Chataway - too dominant in local radio - LBC - Chalford Communications - management buyout - Independent
* Music: Substitute by the Who
* ITV game show myth - misunderstand British viewer - audience slump - The Bill - London Burning - less money - minority programmes - children - schools - religion - Greg Dyke, LWT Director of Programmes, Independent
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Think About Me by Fleetwood Mac
* Sir Clive Sinclair - flat 60cm square satellite TV receiver - Cambridge Computer - lower price - £149.95 - SCI - Raymond Snoddy, Financial Times
* Radio 4 Seeks to Cure Writer's Cramp - Any Questions' Any Answers taken off air after 34 years - less than 100 letters - live phone in - same social class - Jonathan Dimbleby - Richard North, Independent (fewer letters than Radiofax got each week)
* Greek journalists strike - prime minister, Andreas Papendreou - return from heart op in London - prepared texts issued before his arrival - no news broadcast - Daily Telegraph
* Eleven apply for cordless phone licences - DTI - Telepoint - BT - STC - Nynex - Ferranti - Marconi - Mercury - Plessey - Racal - Shaye - Motorola - Philips - Millicom
* Music: I Believe In You by Neil Young
* IRTC full page advertisements - additional to RTE services - Independent National Radio - Independent Television - cable & MMDS - Local Sound Broadcasting - all Irish newspapers
* EC Competition law may halt Eurosport - might breach Treaty of Rome - Screensport lodged complaint - Raymond Snoddy, Financial Times
* Ban on Broadcasting - Sinn Fein - UDA - direct challenge to full exchange of views - Gerry Adams MP - report but not use his voice - Spycatcher - no consultation - Philip Bacon, Radio Academy chair, Independent
* Music: May You never by eric Clapton
* Broadcasting White Paper - finalised by prime minister Margaret Thatcher - subscription - satellite - commercial TV authority - independent news - auction - BSC statutory - end obscene exemption
* London Weekend Television profits slide 31% - 300 jobs scrapped - chair Christopher Bland blames TV levy - musical Betty - Superchannel - Century Hutchinson - Patrick Hosking, Independent
* European Business Channel EBC launches - financial information - Astra satellite - Will Hutton - James Long - Ed Mitchell - Superchannel - Euro Business Weekly - Peter Hobday - Andrew Lycett, Times (EBC went bankrupt in 1990)
* Radiofax will finish in December
* Letters: Aslak Haakerdal, Vennesla, Norway; A.L. Boston, Liverpool - very surprised - keep up the good work; Joos Blondiel, Grimbergen, Belgium; Yari Parkanen, Finland - thanks for the free ballpoint; Jim Sahlati, Finland - thanks for news of radio stations; A Rose, Culbokie by Dingwall, Scotland; K.D. Palmer, Oadby, Leicester - interesting broadcast; Manfred Bredow, Hartmannsdorf, E Germany - interesting to me; Jorgen Boresen, Greenlands, Redditch, Worcs; Jim Blakely, Clevedon, Avon - found by chance twiddling dial - main interests TV and HiFi recording - your programme most interesting;

Duration: 1h34m14, First broadcast: 2nd November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.7 MB
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Radiofax Programme A18: Graham Bell's life - Radio New York International pirate boat - Radio 558&819 - Cable TV for Britain - Satellite TV & pornography


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Gallium arsenide takes FETs beyond 100GHz - AlGaAs - Princeton - super lattice buffers - 200GHz? - Siemens - Richard Wilson, Electronics Weekly
* Alexander Graham Bell tribute - invented telephone - childhood in Leith, Edinburgh - deaf mother - zoology - phonetics - deafness - Helmholtz - National Geographic
* Music: The Hunt by Geoffrey Burgon
* Alexander Graham Bell tribute part 2 - piano - brothers tuberculosis deaths - Boston - professor - phonautograph - first telephone call - marriage - photophone - vacuum jacket/iron lung - phonograph
* Music: Wonderful Tonight by Eric Clapton
* Alexander Graham Bell tribute part 3 - gunpowder rockets - Hargrave box kite - tetrahedron - decibel - eugenics - long life - speed of light - Gilbert H Grosvenor - founded deaf schools
* Music: Brideshead Revisited Theme by Geoffrey Burgon
* Letters: Dave Hill, Bolton, Lancs - very interesting, entertaining, informative; W.D. Griffiths, Swansea; G.P. Edwards - Abercynon, Mountain Ash, Mid Glamorgan - clear and strong - BASF history very edifying; D.R. Ansell, Horsham - business spies very interesting indeed; Lief Blomquist, Helsinki, Finland - Professional features very interesting - Gulf of Bothnia summer house; Willi Schneider, Neumünster, Germany - tape; Kai Martin Mauseth LA2TO, Andebu Norway - 1611; Robert Stewart, Glasgow - hope you can stay on the air - programmes some of the best on the radio; Mike Burden, Norwell, Newark, Nottingham - somewhat intrigued - transmitter MW/SW switching - cannot think of other examples - BBC Start Point - Rádio Nacional de Angola - GEM AM launched 954+999+1260kHz; Patrick Jefford, Cheshre - language teacher - enjoyed items on Start Point, DBS antennas; Bill McVeigh, 27 Bloomfield Road, Belfast - Northern Ireland SW Listeners League; Harry Hogberg, Hamar, Norway; Charles Fogg, Highley, Bridgnorth Shropshire - sorry to hear closing; Stuart Allen, Halifax - very informative - good station - good luck; Jari Karhunen, Kitee, Finland - doctor - thank you once again for programmes - very good
* BBC win a car competition - attack on Severn Sound livelihood
* Music: Lay Down Sally by Eric Clapton
* Voice of the Gazelle 981kHz - Radio New York International - court case - Sealand - MV Sarah - Radio Free America - Dr. Carl McIntire - WXUR - wooden boat - Ross Revenge Radio 558&819 - Colin Peters - Media Network, Radio Netherlands
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Guantanamera by The Sandpipers
* Birmingham Cable wins largest franchise - 460,000 homes - £160m - Windsor TV - Electronics Weekly
* Future of satellite TV - assault on ITV - rooftop dish - cable - Astra - new terrestrial Channel 5 - threat to public service programmes - Richard Dunn - franchise auction - Peter Gill, This Week, ITV
* Music: May You Never by Eric Clapton
* Broadcast white paper - future programmes - pornography - Claire Mulholland, IBA - Kate Adie - Muriel Gray, TV2000, Media Show Live, Channel 4
* Music: A Sign Of The Times by Petula Clark
* Radiofax will close in December 1988 - new law in Ireland from January 1989
* Ms Pilar Miro - RTVE Madrid - scandal - resign - personal spending - prime minister Filipe González - Peter Bruce, Financial Times

Duration: 1h34m11, First broadcast: 4th November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.8 MB
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Radiofax Programme B13: Portable recorders for journalists - High density CDs - Moving picture first for Leeds - Russell Harty memorial - IBC at 21 years


Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Music: Hello, I Love You by The Doors
* Introduction
* Portable Recorders for Radio - Uher Reporter - Marantz C205 - 3 heads - varispeed - automatic gain - Quentin Howard, Broadcast Systems Engineering
* Music: Killer Queen by Queen
* Portable Recorders for Radio part 2 - Marantz P430 - stereo - less durable - Sony TC510 APR2003 TCD5Pro WMD6C WMD3
* Music: Romeo And Juliet by Dire Straits
* Portable Recorders for Radio part 3 - Canford Audio KW Reporter - Stellavox - Nagra - R-DAT - Sony PCM2000 - Casio DA1 - Technics
* Music: Somebody To Love by Queen
* Dead Men Don't Hear Plays - Radio 4 young playwright competition - Jeremy Mortimer, BBC - Benjamin Zephaniah - Paul Allen, Guardian
* Music: Across The Border by Electric Light Orchestra
* High Density CDs - Nimbus Records - 1m pages of text - 6000 floppy discs - Gerald Reynolds - Jonathan Halliday - Electronic Times
* Was Yorkshire Birthplace of Moving Picture? - Leeds film festival - 13 October 1888 - Lumiere - Paris - Louis Aimé Le Prince - biography - Chris Rawlence - Times
* Racal Vodaphone share offer advertisements - wireless telegraphy licence - revocation - interference - national security
* Music: Expresso Love by Dire Straits
* Russell Harty Memorial Service - St James, Piccadilly - life celebrated - Giggleswick - private life probed - Ian Trethowan - Melvyn Bragg - David Frost - Frank Muir - Lord Snowdon - Ned Sherrin - Sue Lawley - John Burt - Alan Bennett - Peter Fiddick, Guardian
* Music: Cast Your Fate To The Wind by Sounds Orchestral
* AM Synch Ad
* Scottish company beats Alan Sugar - Liz Stuart - EMS Promotions - glass satellite dish - Fife - Clydesdale - Guardian
* Granada pulls out of satellite - Superchannel - selling at a loss - Suzanne Antunes, Independent
* Ten times capacity for optical fibre - 75,000 conversations - Tom Rowbotham, Network Systems, BT Martlesham Heath
* Outlaw fax adverts - telex - Prestel - charged for access - mailbox - unsolicited advertisements - Gerald Wise, 225a Finchley Road, London NW3 - letter to Times
* Music: Jungle by Electric Light Orchestra
* International Broadcasting Convention 1988 - Brighton - review of the windswept show - Pro Sound News
* IBC Comes of Age - 21 years - 1967 Royal Lancaster Hotel - UHF TV starting - colour imminent - biggest ever - HDTV - Lord Young - Eureka EU95 - IEE News
* Music: 19th Nervous Breakdown by The Rolling Stones
* Letters from Kevin O'leary, Dublin, Ireland; Yukio Peltomaki, Sampo, Finland - re-erected 100m wire after harvest and plough field - factual no nonsense - new interesting format - technical reliability - 24 hour schedule - soft rock; Gerwin Schutz, Berlin - pleasure; Colin Watson, Carbrain, Cumbernauld, Dunbarton - proving daily service which is long overdue; Mr A. Moore, Chippenham, Wiltshire - appreciate items very much - unique - need more special interest stations; G.R. Foster, Portswood, Southampton - very interesting; Doug Brampton, Broadstone, Dorset - 1950s BBC engineer - ex Rampisham sender - Ireland long waver very interesting; Gert Nilssen, Bonässund, Örnsköldsvik, Sweden - thanks for very interesting programmes; Philip Marshall, Barnsley, Yorkshire

Duration: 1h34m07, First broadcast: 5th November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.8 MB
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Radiofax Programme B14: Digital amplitude modulation transmitter - Hacker arrested & freed - Radio & TV for Ireland, IRTC created - Radio telescopes


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Digital Amplitude Modulation for AM - Harris - 12bit digital - efficiency and quality - turn on number of 48 RF PAs needed - Nicholas Richards, International Broadcast Engineer
* Music: Hiding In The Ha Ha (Morning) by Virginia Astley
* Digital Amplitude Modulation for AM part 2 - exactly how the switched PA works - big step sync - small step - error circuits - warning LEDs
* Music: It's Getting Better by Mama Cass
* Digital Amplitude Modulation for AM part 3 - output combiner - class D - 4 MOSFET bridge - interchangeable PAs - DX10 10kW solid state medium wave transmitter
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin' by The Righteous Brothers
* Legal Loophole Sets Arms Hacker Free - 200 defence sites hacked - Chaos Computer Club Hamburg - NASA - Robert Shifreen, Stephen Gold - burglary caution - 23 year old Leatherhead man using JANET at Surrey University arrested - Guardian (More in A19)
* Telephone operators set up Managed Network Data Services - compete with IBM and computer companies - one-stop data suppliers - Hugo Dixon, Brussels, Financial Times
* Personal Reader for blind - Dr Raymond Kurzweil - £12,000 - recognises words - reads in various voices - 350 words/minute - good quality print
* Music: Harry's House - Centerpiece by Joni Mitchell
* Radio and Television Act 1988 published in Dublin - amends Wireless Telegraphy Act 1926 - new TV channel - establishes Independent Radio and Television Commission IRTC - licences - suspend
* Music: Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young
* Radio and Television Act 1988 published in Dublin part 2 - diversity - minorities - area - radio frequencies - criteria - economic principles - Irish language & talent
* Music: Here I Go Again by The Hollies
* Radio and Television Act 1988 published in Dublin part 3 - duties of sound broadcasters -
* Daring to be Greater - London stations=3 - New York=80 - Paris=50 - BBC Radio London - tiny audience - Greater London Radio GLR - test transmissions - Nick Abbot, Tommy Vance - Capital Gold - Nigel Walmsley - Tony Blackburn - Richard Park - Emma Freud - Johnny Walker - Timbo - Dave Barrett - Dave Pearce - favourite channel - loyalty - Observer
* Music: Don't Bring Me Down by Electric Light Orchestra - GLR test transmission
* Radiofax will close in December 1988 - new law in Ireland from January 1989
* £5m for Cambridge radio astronomy - Mullard Observatory - Jodrell Bank - 130 mile baseline - hidden galaxies - Sir Francis Graham-Smith - Mann - Nicholas Schoon, Independent
* Radio advertising - 15 years - still low standard - dull - intrusive - irritating - copywriters prefer TV - £99m revenue - Radio Marketing Bureau - Capital - Mel Smith, Griff Rhys Jones - Independent
* BKSTS Film Video and Sound Exhibition to be at Olympia 2 in July 1989

Duration: 1h34m12, First broadcast: 7th November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.9 MB
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Radiofax Programme A19: Portable DAT recorder - A day of TV for posterity - BBC News theme - Brit hacker accesses 250 networks - Radio on satellites


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Music: Watching The River Run by Loggins & Messina
* What's DAT On The Road - new Sony portable DAT recorder - PCM-2000 R-DAT - binaural drama - Europe borders - give away BBC pens - brass band - Bob Coles - idents - M.A. Gifford, BBC Wales
* Music: Morningtown Ride by The Seekers
* What's DAT On The Road part 2 - battery drain - tape cannot be removed - partially unlaced - phantom power - quantizing noise - timecode - delay - Dolby SR
* Music: Jigs: Paddy Clancey's Jig / Willie Clancy's Fancy by Steeleye Span
* Student Radio award to a feature on Children of God Flirty Fishers - Ian Tong, London College of Printing - escort agency - bible witness - Lawrie Taylor, Radio Programme, Radio 4
* Trevor visits founder Graham Symonds at Sunshine Radio 1017 AM in Ludlow, Shropshire - closed after 1985 Radio Jackie raids - 50 advertisers - 500W - L aerial - 25 mile radius
* Music: Go Your Own Way by Fleetwood Mac
* One Day in the Life of Television - Tuesday 1 Nov 1988 - BFI - recorded for posterity - humorous look at project storing one day's TV programmes - Mark Lawson, Independent
* Music: Hanging On The Telephone by Blondie
* World Service Rings Changes - BBC World Service changes theme tunes - Imperial Echoes - John Tusa - Big Ben - Lilliburlero - new schedule - Peter Fiddick, Guardian Media
* Two more television channels to join Astra in 1989 - W.H. Smith TV cable - Lifestyle - Screensport
* Twelve Seconds that Herald the Headlines - orchestra of 50 - Abbey Road - George Fenton - recording BBC Nine O'clock News theme - Martin Lambie-Nairn graphics - back to basics bulletin - Mark Leapman, Independent
* Storing electricity - pumping water uphill - underground cavities holding pressurised air - Alabama 110MW - dissolving salt - Germany - David Linley, Times
* Loss making satellite Superchannel - 'The Best of Britsh TV for Europe' - moves to Italian ownership - Videomusic - Richard Branson Virgin - Richard Evans, Times
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Friday On My Mind by The Easybeats
* Hacker Who Shook a Secret Service - Edward Austin Singh, 23, Leatherhead - debriefed - exposed flaws - Teeside Polytechnic - East Surrey College - National Employers Life NEL Dorking - 250 systems insecure - ASWE - Milnet - TRW - nuclear - defence - Ford - University of Surrey - BBC Micro - CERN - Hugo Cornwall/Peter Sommer - major flaw - Owen Bowcott, Guardian (Maggie cracks up) (More in B14)
* Letter to the Guardian about computer security - hacking unjustified - Law Commission - harmful - no excuse - new hacking laws coming - J.R. Brooks, British Computer Society
* Music: Snoopy vs. The Red Baron by The Royal Guardsmen
* AM Synch Ad
* Satellite potential for radio services - BSB - MAC - subcarriers - stereo - Virgin's Radio Radio - Radio Nova, Camberley - SMS - Chris Daubney, Airwaves, IBA
* Italy joins Europage - UHF paging network - interim until ERMES introduced - Communications Week
* Lord Thomson, Chairman of the IBA, letter to Radiofax: "Unfortunately we cannot help you... wish you luck with your exciting project"
* Radiofax will close in December 1988 - new law in Ireland from January 1989
* Letters you send us make this all worthwhile.
* Contact point idea for people to get back in touch with each other (internet and Friends Reunited did that later)

Duration: 1h34m08, First broadcast: 9th November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.8 MB
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Radiofax Programme A20: IBC HDTV standard battles - Broadcasting White Paper, but no short wave - Historic QSLs - HF radar measures sea state


Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Music: Take It To The Limit by Eagles
* High Definition TV - Eureka 1250 line 50Hz trying to exclude Sony 1125 line 60Hz HDTV from Europe - satellite - laserdisc - Philips HD-MAC VCR - Rank Cintel - Thomson - direct view picture tube - Phil Keirstead, International Broadcasting
* Music: Dismal Day by Bread
* High Definition TV part 2 - IBC Brighton - USA 1050 line - Moscow 1350 line - production standard - 16:9 - David Sarnoff Research Labs - University of Sussex - HD teleconferencing via BT
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Where Did Our Love Go by Diana Ross & The Supremes
* Virgin's Richard Branson bid to rescue Superchannel - news, music, occasional film for English speaking Europeans - ITN - Visnews - Thames TV - Videomusic - 13.5m households - viewing patchy - Benny Hill - BSB - Virginia Matthews, Telegraph
* Music Box & Superchannel - Best of British launched by Margaret Thatcher in January 1987 - Rupert Murdoch - Astra - Sky - Media Network, Radio Nederland Wereldomroep
* Music: Up Up and Away by The Johnny Mann Singers
* Up to 12 channels with MVDS Microwave Video Distribution System - DTI study - Touche Ross - 1-6GHz at £120 per customer - BT Suffolk demonstration - Chris Bennett, Electronics Times (never happened)
* Radio 88 Conference in Dubrovnik - advertising pros no idea about radio outside London - numbed by material between the music - listeners imagine TV pictures - Martin Loat, Guardian
* Farnell Comprehensive Cross Reference and Starline listing - RS order code to Farnell order code converter - court injunction issued by RS Components - recalled (we had one of these documents)(also ESD cross reference in M43)
* Destination Docklands Jean Michel Jarre concert - great complexity - Raycom - 250 people - UHF - Kevin Hilton, Pro Sound News (companies never paid, Robert Maxwell involvement)
* Broadcasting in the Nineties white paper - Douglas Hurd - Roy Hattersley - community radio - local TV - BBC subscription - 3 radio networks - ITC replaces IBA - short wave - Jonathan Marks, Media Network
* Trevor Brook interviewed about the white paper - Radiofax off-air recording - community of interest - Lord Thomson IBA letter - 100 letters/week - Jonathan Marks, Media Network
* Government ignoring non mainstream programming - vague demands of white paper - highest bid - programme standards - most commercial - ITC - John Blake, Campaign for Quality Television, Manchester, Daily Telegraph
* Letters from Karl Erik Stridh, Högänas, Sweden; Eric D Pepper, Garforth, W Yorkshire; Jerry Berg, Lexington, Mass - 44 year old attorney - ANARC member - collects historic QSL; Harry Kadula, Turku, Finland - Radio Auran Aallot 90.5 FM - started 1985 - now 35 stations - hope you get licence; Michael Harne, Rainham, Essex - sometimes far too technical (for the average voice-over) - best of luck; Roberto Pavanello, Verchelli, Italy; Uha Blomberg, Mikkeli, Finland - very interesting - keen on computers, satellites - sound mixer at Radio Mikkeli; Tom Mortell, SW Ireland - amateur - electronic technician, station very useful - neglected in the past; Dr David Stevenson, Exeter - refreshingly different from other stations
* ANARC Committee to Preserve Radio Verifications - historic QSL card collecting - lost when people die - think about long term importance - repository - archive - computer index - donor attributed
* Music: Good Vibrations by The Beach Boys
* AM Synch Ad
* BBC Radio Show Searches for a New Identity - first since 1966 - Earl's Court - live programming - 21 years of Radios 1-4 - exhibition overview - history of radio - anoraks - enamel badges - Kevin Hilton, Pro Sound News
* Wave and Current Sensing by Radar - OSCR HF doppler measures sea state - bistatic - Flamborough Head trial - Codar - MAREX OSCR - tracking ships - Rutherford Appleton Lab - 27MHz - WavEC buoy - Gristhorpe - S.P. Kingsley, University of Sheffield & S Rotherham, GEC Marconi, Journal, Institution of Radio and Electronic Engineers
* UK licences one way satellite services - British Satellite Broadcasting BSB - Maxwell Satellite Communications - British Aerospace - Electronic Data Systems UK - Satellite Information Services SIS - Uplink - Dave Birch, Hyperion Systems, Guildford - video conferencing - betting shops - BAtel - Dawn Hayes, Communications Week International
* SelecTV purchases WitzEnd Productions - Auf Wiedersehn, Pet producers - £750,000 - Pergamon Holdings, Maxwell Communication Corporation - Girls on Top - Patrick Hosking, Independent

Duration: 1h34m13, First broadcast: 16th November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.9 MB
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Radiofax Programme A21: Over the horizon HF radars - 1985 community radio promise reprised - IBA cannot help Radiofax - Devon pirate raided


Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Music: Love Lost by Tir Na Nog
* High Frequency Over the Horizon Radar - finally becoming useful - 3-30MHz - OTH - Cobra - RCA - Orfordness - ICBM tests - Michael Payne, Electronics Weekly
* Music: The Snow Goose by Camel
* High Frequency Over the Horizon Radar part 2 - interference to HF communications - quiet channels probed - DSP - Maine, 500-2000 miles - 6.7-22.3MHz - Marconi - saltwater marsh - corrosion - 200kW
* Music: Ha! Ha! Said The Clown by Manfred Mann
* Arianne rocket launches broadcast satellite D2MAC - delays - obsolete - five transponders - no customers - no receivers - Media Network
* Superchannel saved from collapse again - £16m losses - Italian Beta TV majority owner - Virgin still involved - Media Network
* Sex on Television - regulation - IBA - ITV - artistic justification - Jeremy Isaacs - red triangle - viewing increased - Mary Whitehouse - Signals, Channel 4
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Come And Get It by Badfinger
* London Greek Radio pirate - Home Office announces community licences - Dr Xanatos Tafales - licences next March - Lawrie Taylor, Radio Programme, Radio 4 (Home Office reversed decision a year later)
* Serious Error in ITV Levy - miscalculation - Treasury lost millions - surge in domestic profits - Jane Thynne, Telegraph
* Radio Promise Silences Pirates - community radio promised - only 20 licences - George Eracleous LGR - IBA - Gordon Mac KISS FM - wonderful news - Community Radio Association - 200 enquiries - convicted pirates excluded - considered in 1985, deferred - Shyama Perera, Guardian (Home Office reversed decision a year later)
* Music: If by Bread
* Why The IBA's Proposal for 20 New Experimental Stations is Wrong - ethnic - specialist music - Leon Brittan's original 1985 plan - AIRC opposition - vested interests - white paper November 1988 - legislation autumn 1989 - first stations summer 1991 - experiment right now - cable authority - 30 stations - Clive Warner, Digital Matrix Ltd & Mutual Broadcasting Solihull, Pro Sound News
* Fear of Targets in Broadcasting - needs of advertiser - buy airtime - not influence programmes - ensure BBC flourishes - limit range of programmes - Rob McLaughlin, Wood Road, Manchester 33, Times
* Channel 5 On Air by 1993 - 6th Channel contemplated - ITV regime hard to sustain - greater choice - regulatory fiat - advertising market - ITC - impartial news - Guardian
* Microwave Television - direct to customers - national service - 30 channels Touche Ross - white paper - cable TV MVDS - interim - last leg without digging roads - HDTV digital radio - low frequencies - Mary Fagan, Independent
* Touche Ross - privately run Frequency Planning Organisations FPO - Electronic Times
* End of TV listing magazine monopoly - Radio Times - TV Times - abused position - flood of guides - broadcasting bill - Time Out sued 1982 - Jonathan Miller, Sunday Times
* Medium Wave News - Fredericksburg A and K solar indices - Harold Emblem, 137a Hampton Road, Southport, PR8 5DY
* Music: Lucky Man by Emerson, Lake & Palmer
* AM Synch Ad
* Lord Thomson of Monifieth regrets IBA cannot help licence Radiofax - HF not featured with Home Office
* Radiofax will close in December - civil disobedience - not compatible with professional operation - most listened to station per Watt broadcast - constructive use of 9kHz of spectrum - you know it is rubbish that 'no frequencies are available'
* Letters from Colin Crabbe, Birmingham - very disappointed - addict - gap in listening - untimely departure - many other enthusiastic supporters - sorry you're closing; Geoffrey Holden, Carleton, Penrith, Cumbria - very sorry - great appreciation - write to MP; Anthony Thompson, Aberdeenshire, Scotland - great shame - amateur radio packet network - do listen not just log; Harry Weatherley of Mount Waverley, Victoria, Australia in Invercargill, New Zealand - surprise at hearing - 40th NZRDXL anniversary; Robert Foot, Gosport - many thanks - excellence - extremely interesting - hope continue; Clive Varley, South Shore, Blackpool - learned a lot - sterling work for real radio - proved can do more with SW; Y.N. Steenstra, Netherlands - 3km to pillar box - ideal for DXing; Mika Harkas, Velkua, Finland; Juri Prokop, Czechoslovakia - enjoyed; Julias Hermans, Vleuten, Netherlands - very interesting; Colin Ferris, Kempston, Bedfordshire - hope you continue; G.H. Baker, Romford - HiFi specs vs audibility very interesting; Thor Larsen, Falköping, Sweden - many thanks; J.M. Wilson, Cheadle Hulme; Calum McLeod, Isle of Lewis - informative - change to usual on SW; D.J. Hall, Colne, Lancashire; Philip Kellingly, Basingstoke, Hampshire
* Lloyd Webber Plans Station to Rival Radio 3 - Really Useful Company - IBA - Classics FM - want one of the community licences - Telegraph
* France's TDF1 launched successfully - Arianne - so far only one channel - 4 unused - over £187m - D2MAC boost - 400m viewers - Paul Betts, Paris, Financial Times
* Music: 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy) by Harpers Bizarre
* Riposte to 'BBC Makes False RDS Claims' article - Bev Marks misquoted - untrue - wrong about RDS - barely perceptible - David Lees, BBC Engineering Information Department EID, Electronics Weekly
* Robin Parker - pirate TV and radio for village - reception so poor - rebroadcast to 900 residents - 7 aerials 7 transmitters - DTI raid Little Haven Cottage, Tedburn St Mary, Devon - Reverend David Werner plea - great fun - conditional discharge - Daily Mail
* Fewer controls for new national radio stations - lighter regulatory regime - 20&37; limit on newspaper ownership - Seumus Milne, Guardian
* Why More Must Not Mean Worse - white paper - licence fee not immortal - Lord Rees-Mogg Broadcasting Standards Council - IBA doomed - Direct to Home satellite TV DTH - pay per view - Channel 5 - Guardian

Duration: 1h34m11, First broadcast: 18th November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.8 MB
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Radiofax Programme A22: Audio restoration - Broadcasting white paper reactions - Irish licensing delayed - CT2 cordless phones - Radio Microphones - R-DAT


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Sky & BSB - expense - Anthony Simonds-Gooding - BBC subscription - Paul Fox - charter renewal 1996 - Christopher Bland - Rupert Murdoch - John Parry, International Assignment, Radio 4
* Music: Daydream Believer by The Monkees
* Computer Enhanced Digital Audio Restoration CEDAR - Peter Copeland - National Sound Archive - clicks - pops - University of Cambridge - BBC Model B - Fortran 77 - crackle - de-clicking - FFT - thumps - equalisation - filtering - Line Up, IBS
* Music: You Know What I Mean by Phil Collins
* Computer Enhanced Digital Audio Restoration part 2 - two copies of disc: adaptive noise cancelling - spectral weighting - process overnight - bureau - wax cylinders
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Venus by Shocking Blue
* Day They Threw Quality To The Dogs - reaction to broadcasting white paper - Home Secretary Douglas Hurd - unstoppable developments - why risk excellence? - Peter Jenkins, Independent
* Letter in response - Reactionary wimps? - opportunities - old channel advantages - diet of pap will fail - Nicholas Kish, European Communication Management
* IBA Team Wins Medal for Multiplex Analogue Component MAC - Dr Michael Windram - J.J. Thompson medal - Institution of Electrical Engineers - European standard for direct broadcasting by satellite - Electronics Times
* Music: My Pink Half Of The Drainpipe by The Bonzo Dog Band
* TV-AM shares for sale - Alan Bond - Tiny Rowland Lonrho - Beaverbrook Investments - Peter de Savary Land Leisure - Mike Luckwell - Brent Walker - ITC buyout - Lord Grade ACC - Robert Holmes à Court
* Delays for Irish licensing - Justice Henchy IRTC - one year to process - postpone WT enforcement - operator meetings - Sunshine 531 - 100 stations - advertisement prepared - minister Ray Burke
* New world of TV - right technology - 5th channel - another aerial - different polarisation - subscription - software key - DMAC - PAL - BBC scrambled programme for doctors - microwave - Mary Fagan, Independent
* Shaye Communications to launch first CT2 cordless phone handset - Telepoint - Forum Personal Phone - Ferranti - Common Air Interface CAI - 50 hour battery life - Electronics Weekly
* A Cool Reaction - papers cool on white paper - censorship - out of date - welcome from papers with TV interests - money men - Michael Leapman, Independent
* Music: Just The Way You Are by Billy Joel
* AM Synch Ad
* White paper response - cable only 275,00 homes 6 years after Hunt Committee - none profitable - competition fragmented - likely out - Patrick Whitton, Communications & Information Technology Research, Independent
* New BBC D&ED Band I radio microphone design - post-Merriman sub-bands 53.75-55.75 & 60.75-62.75MHz - 19 100kHz spaced channels - circulators in aerial avoid intermodulation
* Rationing radio stations - 22 years ago 10 offshore stations - boosted music industry - viciously outlawed - Laser & Caroline - FM pirates - deregulation of radio - Brian Waters, Times
* TV Or No TV - flat - communal aerial - VCR - play tapes only - not watch live - do not need a licence - may have difficulty proving - Legal Advice, Financial Times
* Radio Pirates Stake Claim To Thatcher's Britain - Sunrise 88.75 FM - East London - rooftop aerial - £200 - DTI - Douglas Hurd community licence - don't interfere - acid house - police raids - Heather Mills, Independent
* Music: I'm Only Sleeping by The Beatles
* Radiofax will end in December - unless some government writes out the licence we have been asking for for three years
* Channel 5 will not cover south coast - 65-70% of country - lucrative TVS Southampton - shoehorning Channel 6 - MVDS - Maggie Brown, Independent
* Lord Thomson of Monifieth regrets IBA cannot help licence Radiofax - urges Radiofax to press Home Office to address the HF aspect - wishes Radiofax luck with exciting project
* Paris & Bonn set up joint TV network - cultural programmes - joint HD standard - Japanese competition - TDF1 - D2MAC - David Marsh, Bonn, Financial Times
* R-DAT At The BBC - SCPD - copycode - Sony DTC1000ES - good transients - Radiophonic Workshop - AES-EBU - debris on heads - PCM2500 - synchronisation - portable TCD D10 - Nagra - Concorde - International Broadcasting

Duration: 1h34m10, First broadcast: 19th November 1988


MP3 file size: 53.8 MB
Click button to listen




Radiofax Programme B17: Cleaning up cinema sound - Improving BBC sound level control - Future of TV Great Debate - Pirates and sunspots - Radio during the Falklands war


Presented by Maggie Stevenson and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Music: Pictures of Lily by The Who
* Cinema sound improvements - The Wall - Academy Curve - David Watts - magnetic film - Eastman Kodak - RCA - Dolby Stereo - 4 channels - matrix - Richard Buskin, Sound
* Music: Truth Hits Everybody by The Police
* Cinema sound improvements part 2 - refit entire cinema installation - Empire Leicester Square 18kW - Dolby SR - optical track
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Eloise by Barry Ryan
* GaAs transistors and FETs - consumer satellite market - drop in price - Europe squeezed out - Plessey - GEC pulled out - Advantech - NEC - Mary Fagan, Independent
* Doug Self and subjectivism - Reg Williamson rebuts J.L. Linsley Hood (A16) - crossover distortion - irrational myths - negative feedback NFB - Electronics & Wireless World
* Doug Self a breath of fresh air - attacks Linsley Hood - unbelievably naive - capacitors - Baxandall cancellation technique - Steve Price, Bethel, Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Electronics & Wireless World
* Music: Only the Good Die Young by Billy Joel
* BBC World Service clipped tones to be replaced by a variety of accents - themes updated - Imperial Echoes - John Tusa - compete with satellite - Anthony Rendell - Jocelyn Hay Voice of the Listener - Telegraph
* OK For Level? - quality in radio sound balance - rethinking at the BBC - Philip Billson - FM - audible as possible - 4 networks - chart recording - John Sparrow - Piers Burton-Page - John Breech - Graham Clifford - Optimod - variable emphasis limiter - Line Up
* Music: Yellow Submarine by The Beatles
* OK For Level? part 2 - programme junctions - AM compression - FM problem - cubicle monitoring at low level - live speech - microphone limiters
* Music: She's Always a Woman by Billy Joel
* Channel 4's White Paper Great Debate - John Mortimer - Philip Whitehead - Andrew Neil - Tim Renton MP - Robert Maxwell - Richard Dunn ITV - Peacock Report - Douglas Hurd - Lord Young - ITC deregulation - subscription - BBC standards - Channel 4 - pap programes? -
* Broadcasting white paper - radio on only 2 of 45 pages - no mention of short wave
* HCJB 6205 Equador on clandestine and pirate stations - sunspot cycle - spy numbers stations - Radio Venceremos - Lebanon - Israeli & muslim funding - Voice of the Black Cockerel - radio Impacto 5030 - Radio rebelde - Radio Truth
* Radio Atlántico del Sur from Ascension during Falklands War - Neil Ffrench-Blake ex Radio 210, Reading
* Off air recording of 0830 HCJB 6205 switch off and Radiofax changeover to 6205 from 1611
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Theme For Young Lovers by The Shadows
* Radiofax will end in December - unless some government writes out the licence we have been asking for for three years
* Letters from Jari Lehtinen, Vantaa, Finland - fun to listen; P.M. Rex, Luton; Karl Werner, Sollentuna, Sweden - interesting programme; Ken Moore, Bricket Wood, St Albans, Hertfordshire; Derek Taylor, Preston, Lancashire; C.L. Pratt, Caversham Park Village, Reading; Roy Lisle, Penketh, Warrington - we listen with interest; J.R. Kane, Clwyd, Wales - most informative; Paul Farley, Newhaven, Sussex - receiver part of HiFi - enjoy immensely - should be successful; Kevin Pikus, Edinburgh; Jack Kyle, Coatbride, Scotland - impressed by presenters; Marcus Salonen, Kylmäkoski Finland; Paul Marsh, Poole, Dorset - listened for hours on end; Gordon Fisher, Blanefield, Glasgow - how much I enjoy your format
* Final normal programme will be on 10 December - special Orson Welles War of the Worlds 50 years rebroadcast on 17 December

Duration: 1h33m50, First broadcast: 21st November


MP3 file size: 53.6 MB
Click button to listen




Radiofax Programme C13: Can lasers heal? - Digital radio problems - 4 channel BSB - New York radio - Trees and TV reception

Only around two thirds of this programme exists.

Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Music: The Things We Do for Love by 10CC
* Lasers to help healing - Costas Diamantopoulos, Omega Universal Technologies, London - photochemical not just placebo claim - 31 GaAs diodes - helium neon - Mary Dyson, United Medical and Dental Schools - not understood - Paul Abrahams, Financial Times
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Throw Down a Line by Cliff Richard
* Serious doubts from IRT over terrestrial digital radio - hilly and built up areas - Project DAB - 108-112MHz? - aeronautical navigation - CEPT - ITU - satellite - DAB could be a wine lake - Andrew von Gamm, Pro Sound News
* Music: Your Mother Should Know by The Beatles
* A Grand Adventure - British Satellite Broadcasting - Tim Renton MP - more choice - programme plans - DavidAndrew Quinn, Granada - ££m risk - Screen - ZigZag - Galaxy - launch 1989 - Bob Hunter, Now Channel - Airwaves, IBA
* Music: Honeymoon With B Troop by 10CC
* Craig Charles checks out stations in New York - religion - sex - violence - game shows - dating - music - talk - Loose Ends, BBC Radio 4
* Music: Dreaming by Blondie
* Good Morning Vietnam - the film and its radio station - Ned Sherrin talks to Robin Williams - Loose Ends, BBC Radio 4
* Trees and TV reception - standing waves - ghosting - seasonal - conifers - Band 5 worst - 20dB loss - 1987 great hurricane - phase - cancel colour subcarrier - tidal fading - IBA Engineering Bulletin
* Music: You Keep Me Hangin' On by Diana Ross & The Supremes

Duration: 53m21, First broadcast: 26th November 1988


MP3 file size: 30.5 MB
Click button to listen




Radiofax Programme C14: Financing more TV channels - Digital audio goes 18 bit - National Transcription Service - Superglue in your ear

Nearly half of this programme exists.

Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Comment on white paper - 11 more TV channels - DBS - Channel 5 - local TV - 3 national commercial radio - lean times - TVAM failure - public service - viewer among losers - no money for fresh programmes - Brian Wenham, BBC
* Music: San Franciscan Nights by Eric Burdon & The Animals (nice click on this disc)
* AM Synch Ad
* 18 bit digital to analogue converter for high quality audio - low noise, distortion - pro and consumer standards - greater dynamic range - Nyquist frequency - 0.008% THD - Burr Brown, Journal Audio Engineering Society
* National Transcription Service NTS - mobile recording unit - charitable - local events - David Hurlock - hospital radio - Ralph Harvey - Denis Horne - Ray Betts - Sally Pier - Duncan Marshall - Roderick Henley - Sally Strong - Chichester Festival - library of recordings - Janet Angus, Studio Sound
* Music: Maybe I Know by Lesley Gore
* National Transcription Service NTS part 2 - early 1987 - old half-stripped BBC van - Neve 8066 - Studer B62, A80 - Alesis Microverb - external lights - Alpage, Wollensack cassette - NAHBO
* Radiofax will finish in December
* Hard Of Hearing - 3 year old put superglue into sleeping father's ear - lost hearing - Dr Hoke Pollock, Wilmington, North Carolina - solid plug - major operation - regained hearing - Independent

Duration: 38m02, First broadcast: 28th November 1988


MP3 file size: 21.7 MB
Click button to listen




Radiofax Programme A23: Popular all band portable - History of radar - Motor Show satnav 1988 style - White paper attacked - Illegal car alarms - IRRS starts


Presented by Holly Robson, Andy Burnham and Trevor Brook
* Introduction
* Music: Swing Low Sweet Chariot by Eric Clapton
* Andy Burnham looks at the Saisho SW5000/Siemens RK6414/Supertech SR16H/Eska RX33/Ambassador 2020/Sangean 803A/RadioShack DX440 - PLL World Band Portable - Dixons £99 - Sony ICF2001 - stereo decoder - BFO - 9 presets - 100mA - double conversion
* RSRE Brief History - early history of radar - 1903 - RRE - TRE - Captain Halliday, Chatham - Malvern - Marconi - Aldershot - Woolwich - Signals Experimental Establishment - Joyce Green, Dartford - Biggin Hill - Christchurch - J.D Cockroft - SRDE - D.H. Tomlin, IEE Review
* Music: For No One by The Beatles
* RSRE Brief History part 2 - London Electrical Engineers - Society of Telegraph Engineers, IEE/IET forerunner - arc searchlights - acoustic mirrors, Dungeness, Malta - Orfordness - ADEE - ADRDE - RRDE - spark transmitters - valves, silica envelopes - Chain Home, CD, GL - Baldock IERL SERL - cavity magnetron - MASER - LASER
* Music: 98.6 by The Bystanders
* RSRE Brief History part 2 - fighter detection - Tizard Committee - Robert Watson-Watt - Arnold Wilkins - Daventry experiment (6025kHz) - Dollis Hill - Bawdsey - AERE - CD1 - GL1 55-75MHz - centimetric - AI - ASV - H2S
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Me And You And A Dog Named Boo by Lobo
* Paul Stimpson reports from the Motor Show at NEC Birmingham - concept cars - Citroen Activa - remote control key - drive by wire - Renault Megane - rear view cameras - Peugeot Oxia - carbon fibre & kevlar - Toyota FXV2 - navigation - satellite, gyroscope - avoid accidents, roadworks - Ford Probe V, Ghia Saguaro, Bronco DM-1 - aerodynamic - one piece glass - flush handles - satnav
* Broadcasting in the Nineties white paper - spectrum available - deregulate local radio - 3 commercial national radios - more BBC Local - end simulcasting - green paper 500 responses - reassign BBC MW frequencies - viability - demand - choice - competitive tender - promise of performance - Radio Authority - community radio - satellite radio - special event, university radio - BBC - licence fee
* Music: Let It Grow by Eric Clapton
* AM Synch Ad
* Down The U.S. Road - anarchy - Murdoch press welcome - ITV - quality - regional programming - ITC - RA - BSC - hardly good prescription - Douglas Hurd - BBC cornerstone - subscription damaging - inconsistencies - advertiser's charter - more channels - Alasdair Milne, BBC DG 1982-87, Independent
* Thomson Attacks Broadcasting Plan - IBA's Lord Thomson of Monifieth - white paper too much too soon - destroying before new developments show potential - change with continuity - Shyama Perera, Guardian
* IBA tells TV-AM must improve weekend childrens programmes or lose contract - notes improvements in regional coverage, weekend news, programmes and presentation
* Queens Speech - forced to postone Douglas Hurd - not win time 3 commercial radio stations - Colin Brown, Independent
* Design Engineers - BBC D&ED job advert - diverse work - analogue - digital - software - RF - modern offices - Chiswick - CAD, CAE - state of the art - starting salary £11,932-16,567 - David Kitson
* Ads Boost For Radio City - Merseyside - turnover rose £3.8m - increase in local radio advertising demand - Guardian
* Music: Rich by Lloyd Cole And The Commotions
* Motorists Warned Not To Use Illegal Radio Car Alarms - breaking law - DTI - wrong frequency - interfere fire, ambulance - Page Alarm, Secom International approved - Telegraph
* 'I'm sorry about the man dying, but I'm sick of being hassled' - pirate DJ John Paul - DTI government inspector collapsed - climbed 14 flights of stairs to raid station - Quote Unquote, Independent
* Radiofax will end in December - unless some government writes out the licence we have been asking for for three years
* Lord Thomson, Chairman of the IBA, letter to Radiofax: "Unfortunately we cannot help you... wish you luck with your exciting project"
* Letter from Roy Patrick, Mackworth, Derbyshire - IRRS starting soon - 49 metre band - IRRS - Alfredo Cotroneo - driving around Wales, Cornwall - drove back to Italy listening to our 1611
* IRRS Italian Radio Relay Service - trials 7125, 7160, 9815, 3945kHz - 10,000 Watts - electricity supply - A3A reduced carrier - Milan - Jonathan Marks, Media Network
* Letters from Mr J Murphy, Birmingham - very good - fills a gap - very best for future; Kenneth Stockley, Bulkington, Nuneaton, Warwickshire - enjoyed information on short wave, antennas, speed of light - hope you continue - best of luck with licence; M Holloway, Bournemouth - enjoyed programmes - urge continue as long as possible; Alan Thompson, Wales - hope you surmount inescapable difficulties - truthfully say never heard anything approaches you - good for you - really new format; Julius Hermans, Netherlands - sad you sign off - tragic - you really are good - fulfill a need - no way to continue? - thanks for many good and high quality broadcasts; K Hartley, Roker, Wearside, Sunderland - very interesting; Phil Stampton, Humberside - very informative - sorry to hear - OAP 74 - disabled - radio is my life - best of luck; Bernard Whitty, Cathedral Sound, Halsall, Ormskirk, Lancashire - more info this way than all trade publications - hope you get licence; Ivan Iklody, Sheffield - disappointed closing - enjoyed portable tape recorders, appreciation of Russell Harty; K Malcolm, Flixton, Lancashire; Stephen Blanchflower, Walker, Newcastle Upon Tyne; Audrey MacNeal, Blackpool - HCJB favourite; Keir Argent, Chelmsford, Essex - clearly on both 6205 & 1611; Arthur Walker Berkeley, Gloucestershire; C Foster, Earley, Reading; Jörg Clemens Hoffmann, Giessen, Germany - Voice Of Peace notepaper; Mr Arness, Chesham, Buckinghamshire - found by accident, then listened for 3 hours - pleasant change from normal stations; Alpo Heinonen, Rovaniemi, Finland - best for the future

Duration: 1h34m17, First broadcast: 2nd December 1988


MP3 file size: 53.9 MB
Click button to listen




Radiofax Programme E1: Mostly music - DTI deregulation (not) - Radiofax letters to Lord Thomson and Lord Young

Part of this programme exists, off air 1611, 1835-1915 from dxarchive.com, reordered and speed corrected

Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Music: Who Found Who by Jellybean Feat, Elisa Fiorillo
* Radiofax will end in December - unless some government writes out the licence we have been asking for for three years
* Music: Perfect World by Huey Lewis & The News
* Music: Riding On A Train by The Pasadenas
* Music: ?
* Lord Thomson, Chairman of the IBA, letter to Radiofax: "Unfortunately we cannot help you... wish you luck with your exciting project"
* Music: Je Ne Sais Pas Pourquoi by Kylie Minogue
* Music: The Only Way Is Up by Yazz
* Music: Touchy! by A-Ha
* Deregulation white paper - Lord Young - shredding red tape - enterprise - bureaucracy - Patrick Hosking, Independent
* Giving people HF licences not one of the items - Radiofax wrote to Lord Young - not encouraging - we all knew Citizens Band would be licensed
* Music: We Don't Need Another Hero by Tina Turner
* Music: Bad by Michael Jackson
* Station ID - Music till 30 December closedown, apart from special programmes starting evening 17th December and over Christmas
* Music: Lovely Day by Bill Withers
* Tape change pause at 1915 and start of Programme E2

Duration: 43m08, First broadcast: 12th December 1988


MP3 file size: 24.6 MB
Click button to listen




Radiofax Programme E2: Mostly Music - Compilation of some items covered - DTI deregulation (not) - Radiofax writes to Dublin

The whole of this programme exists, off air 1611, 0630-0800 from dxarchive.com, reordered and speed corrected

Presented by Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* Music: Together Forever by Rick Astley
* Music: Wishing Well by Terence Trent D'Arby
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Drive by The Cars
* Short station ID
* Music: No Memory by Scarlet Fantastic
* Music: You Win Again by Bee Gees
* Lord Thomson, Chairman of the IBA, letter to Radiofax: "Unfortunately we cannot help you... wish you luck with your exciting project"
* Music: Down To Earth by Curiosity Killed The Cat
* Music: Alone by Heart
* Music: Walk The Dinosaur by Was (NOT WAS)
* Radiofax will end in December - unless some government writes out the licence we have been asking for for three years
* Music: I'm A Boy by The Who
* Music: Just Like A Woman by Manfred Mann
* Eddiefax Million Selling Single by Eddie Caffrey: Wichita Lineman by Glen Campbell
* Music: A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You by The Monkees
* Music: I'm Alive by the Hollies
* 7 minute audio compilation of some items we covered over four months
* Introduction
* Music: No More The Fool by Elkie Brooks
* Music: Nothing's Gonna To Stop Me Now by Samantha Fox
* Station ID - Music till 30 December closedown, apart from special programmes starting evening 17th December and over Christmas
* Music: Rush Hour by Jane Wiedlin
* Music: I Really Didn't Mean It by Luther Vandross
* Music: He Ain't No Competition by Brother Beyond
* Deregulation white paper - Lord Young - shredding red tape - enterprise - bureaucracy - Patrick Hosking, Independent
* Giving people HF licences not one of the items - Radiofax wrote to Lord Young - not encouraging - we all knew Citizens Band would be licensed
* Music: First Time by Robin Beck
* Music: Twist And Shout by Salt-N-Pepa
* Music: Nathan Jones by Bananarama
* Radiofax wrote to government communications minister Ray Burke in Dublin
* Music: Tarzan Boy by Baltimora
* Music: Together Forever by Rick Astley (1h34m42 programme repeats)
* Music: Wishing Well by Terence Trent D'Arby
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Drive by The Cars
* Music: No Memory by Scarlet Fantastic

Duration: 1h44m21, First broadcast: 14th December 1988


MP3 file size: 59.7 MB
Click button to listen




Radiofax Programme S6: Final Programe of 1988 - Thanks to helpers - Goodbyes from Holly and Maggie - Two remarkable listener letters

Virtually all of this programme exists, off air 1611 and 6205 combined, from dxarchive.com, reordered, speed corrected and some clicks edited manually

Presented by Maggie Stevenson, Holly Robson and Trevor Brook
* - Radiofax 6205 morning switch on
* - Brief tune-away to BBC World Service 6195
* - HCJB 6205 mid sentence switch off leaving Radiofax in the clear
* Music: Perfect World by Huey Lewis & The News
* AM Synch Ad
* Music: Is This Love by Alison Moyet
* Music: Sign Your Name by Terence Trent D'Arby
* Recording of 4th April 1988 closedown - said we would come back in the summer - promise we kept
* A few things we did: visited BBC RDS press launch - visited Radio Nova satellite - microwave TV in Ireland - visited International Broadcasting Convention in Brighton - interviewed Graham Symonds, Sunshine Radio Ludlow: everything there was to say about the local radio situation in Britain - visited Motor Show in Birmingham - Wireless Telegraphy Act from Dublin - Broadcasting In The 90s white paper - reviewed Saisho/Sangean/Tatung/Matsui SW radio - Digital Audio Tape - first automated station, Loughborough Campus Radio - Ireland's Independent Television and Radio Commission - visited BBC Radio Show at Earls Court - Stereo TV sound recording at BBC Scotland
* Music: Night Nurse by Gregory Isaacs
* Listener in every parliamentary constituency - two large box files full of letters - thanks to those who let us know you have written to your MP or Home Office
* Letter from Robert Foot, Gosport, Hampshire - thank you - extremely sorry - honestly say something of interest every single time I listened - no other source - very wide range - no way I could read or know of such variety - enjoyed and appreciated every moment - unique - one of a kind - very much missed - Happy New Year
* Music: Mr Blue Sky by Electric Light Orchestra
* Radiofax will close shortly - 100 letters each week - very enthusiastic blind listeners - your letters make project worthwhile - ages 17 to 70 most unusual - most listened programme per transmitter Watt - use of short wave fallen - good use for 9kHz spectrum - view to the future - you know rubbish to claim no frequencies are available - more letters than Radio 4 Any Answers receive - any station would be proud
* Music: Uptown Girl by Billy Joel
* Even letters from under 17s - youngest declared age 14 - university lecturers - vicars - senior civil servants - journalists - magistrate in the UK and attorney in Canada - BBC people - IBA people - broadcasting organisations and PTTs abroad - DTI people who said we couldn't say who they were - all thought what we were doing something worthwhile and should be legalised
* Music: Wonderful Tonight by Eric Clapton
* Vote of thanks
* Holly Robson - have a lie in - no more technical words! - looking for a job - delight to meet listeners from your letters - once lived in Dublin
* Music: Accidents Never Happen by Blondie
* Where have we been heard from Drogheda, Ireland? - 6205: Holland - Belgium - France - Denmark - Switzerland - Austria - Luxembourg - Spain - Italy - Norway - Sweden - Finland - Poland - Czechoslovakia - Hungary - East & West Germany - Canada - east and west coast USA - New Zealand - 1611 directional to east: furthest are Finland & Italy
* Music: Madness by Elton John
* - 1611 recording from 48m38 onwards
* 1 minute audio compilation of some items we covered over four months - independent programme makers - Chalford LBC merger - TVS immortality advert - commercial offshore Harmony FM - RTÉ shed 200 staff - independent radio bill
* Maggie Stevenson - is there life after Radiofax?
* Introduction
* Music: Drive by The Cars
* Several Irish stations not closing down - penalty £Irish1000 = £870
* Music: So Emotional by Whitney Houston
* Music: China In Your Hand by T'Pau
* Station ID - on the air 4 months - thanks to all who helped
* Music: Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now by Starship
* Music: You Win Again by Bee Gees
* Station ID - transmitter and audio processor - 3000 hours faultlessly - mains going off - tape player worn out - antenna open wire twin feeder twisted and shorted - BBC person knows Maggie Stevenson
* Music: Candle In The Wind by Elton John
* Music: A Little Respect by Erasure
* Box of letters - Listener in every parliamentary constituency - thanks to those who let us know you have written to your MP or Home Office
* Music: Crush On U by The Jets
* Music: We Don't Need Another Hero by Tina Turner
* Letter from Laura Cliens, Wishaw, Lanarkshire, Scotland - long list of supporters - white paper - short wave - disgrace - should have licence - where else can we hear? - hope you get some kind of licence sometime - announcers speak clearly and sound friendly!?
* Music: I Don't Want To Be A Hero by Johnny Hates Jazz
* - Radiofax 1611 morning switch off and back to 6205

Duration: 1h32m51, First broadcast: 28th December 1988


MP3 file size: 53.1 MB
Click button to listen




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Sparks Technical and Media News - listen to the some of the very first editions.

Technical information:
From the original cassettes, programmes have been:

  • Processed through a Surrey Electronics Variable Emphasis Limiter 3
  • Digitised using an external 48kHz codec and transferred to PC over a digital optical link.
  • Edited in Audacity on Suse Linux
  • Converted to MP3 using Lame on a dual 2.8GHz Xeon CPU system

Page produced by Andy Burnham and Trevor Brook
First entries published: 1st April 2008

 













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